Artificial Intelligence (AI) arguably began with rule based expert systems. All the feedback loops (updates to the rules) were externally mediated via the programmer. Now, embodied deep learning systems update themselves. They are autonomously adaptive goal seekers. Thus embodied deep learning machines are cybernetic machines.
1) sensorimotor capability, which most physical machines already have, but virtual machines may not;
2) an evolving virtual body representation within the machine, and
3) self-adaptive evolutionary learning algorithms.
This is especially important for machines that move around autonomously in their environment.
Embodied AI will no doubt be social as well, but the new Turing Test 2.0 will not be concerned with their ability to pass as human, but with whether or not they possess any human-like subjective consciousness. I warrant that embodied, cybernetic, social deep learning machines will evolve such consciousness. In the process I think we’ll find that consciousness is a *behavior*, not a mysterious fundamental property of reality like space, time, mass, or force as panpsychists suppose.
The laws of consciousness will be the laws of physics that govern what kinds of bodies can produce what kinds of the behaviors we call consciousness.
This will no doubt be vociferously rejected by the die hard romantics, magical thinkers, and human exceptionalists among us.
For more on consciousness and intelligent machines:
Intelligent Machines: https://m.facebook.com/po.richard/photos/a.708579679228817/2130019307084840/?type=3